Project Research Results
Main Center: R826709
Grantee Research Project Results
The Epidemiological Investigation of the Effects of Pesticide Exposure on Neurodevelopmental, Growth, and Respiratory Health of Farmworker ChildrenEPA Grant Number: R826709C002
Subproject: this is subproject number 002 , established and managed by the Center Director under grant R826709
(EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
Center: CECEHDPR - University of California at Berkeley
Center Director: ,
Title: The Epidemiological Investigation of the Effects of Pesticide Exposure on Neurodevelopmental, Growth, and Respiratory Health of Farmworker Children
Investigators: Eskenazi, Brenda
Institution: University of California - Berkeley
EPA Project Officer: Callan, Richard
Project Period: January 1, 1998 through January 1, 2002
Project Amount: Refer to main center abstract for funding details.
RFA: Centers for Children's Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research (1998)
Research Category: Children's Health , Health Effects
The goal of this study is to determine whether there are adverse health consequences of chronic low-level pesticide exposure in children. We have selected a population who are likely to be most at risk, farmworker children and others living in agricultural communities. These children are exposed to pesticides through the usual pathways such as ingestion of foods with pesticide residues, but in addition, are exposed to the take-home exposures of farmworker parents and pesticide drift from nearby fields. If there are health consequences of low level pesticide exposure, they should be most evident in this more heavily exposed population.
Specifically, we will determine the relationship between neurodevelopment, growth, and the occurrence of asthma and chronic low-level pesticide exposure during the prenatal and/or postnatal periods. Over a one-year period, we will enroll a cohort of 550 pregnant women who receive care from either of two community clinics who primarily provide care to farmworkers, and we will follow their children up until age three. The child will undergo neurobehavioral evaluations focussing on behaviors likely to be affected by chronic pesticide exposure during the neonatal period and at 6, 12, 24, and 36 months. At each medical visit, the child will be measured and weighed to assess growth patterns. At age three, we will determine whether or not the child has active asthma. In an exploratory nested case-control study, we will also assess the effects of exposures to common environmental antigens and endotoxins on the development of Th-2 lymphocyte phenotypes and specific IgE and on asthma prevalence at age 3 years. Maternal urine samples collected during pregnancy and child urine samples will be measured for organophosphate metabolites. Home dust samples will be obtained during the prenatal period and at 6 and 12 months to measure common asthma-associated environmental antigens and endotoxin. Mothers will be interviewed pre- and postnatally about their habits, demographic characteristics, Migration patterns, and work and medical history. At each well-baby visit, the mother will be questioned briefly about her child's development and illnesses (respiratory disease), breast feeding, child care, and work.
Low-level chronic pesticide exposure to children may be related to poor neurodevelopment and growth based on substantial evidence in developing rodents; and, it is biologically plausible that it is related to the occurrence of asthma through the dysregulation of the autonomic control of airways. To date, there is no research in developing humans.Publications and Presentations:
children, health, pesticide, exposure, farmworker, neurodevelopment., RFA, Health, Scientific Discipline, Toxics, Environmental Chemistry, Health Risk Assessment, Epidemiology, pesticides, Endocrine Disruptors - Environmental Exposure & Risk, endocrine disruptors, Risk Assessments, Susceptibility/Sensitive Population/Genetic Susceptibility, Biochemistry, Children's Health, genetic susceptability, Endocrine Disruptors - Human Health, asthma, health effects, pesticide exposure, sensitive populations, childhood development, endotoxin, airway disease, endocrine disrupting chemicals, exposure, respiratory problems, biological response, children, Human Health Risk Assessment, neurodevelopmental, neurotoxicity, human exposure, insecticides, pesticide residues, children's vulnerablity, assessment of exposure, childhood respiratory disease, growth and development, neurodevelopmental toxicity, epidemeology, environmental health hazard, dietary exposure, growth & development, agricultural community, developmental disorders, developmental toxicants, environmental hazard exposures
Main Center Abstract and Reports:
R826709 CECEHDPR - University of California at Berkeley
Subprojects under this Center: (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
R826709C001 Community Based Intervention to Reduce Pesticide Exposures to Young Children
R826709C002 The Epidemiological Investigation of the Effects of Pesticide Exposure on Neurodevelopmental, Growth, and Respiratory Health of Farmworker Children
R826709C003 A Comprehensive Assessment of Sources of Pesticide Contamination, Concentrations in Pathways, and Exposure-prone Behavior