IRIS Toxicological Review of Naphthalene (2004, External Review Draft, Update)
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EPA is conducting a peer review and public comment of the scientific basis supporting the human health hazard and dose-response assessment of naphthalene that when finalized will appear on the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) database.
Naphthalene (CAS no. 91-20-3) is a bicyclic aromatic hydrocarbon with the chemical formula C10H8 and a molecular weight of 128.16. Pure naphthalene is a white, water-insoluble solid at room temperature with a vapor pressure of 0.087 mmHg (U.S. EPA, 1987; ATSDR,1993). Naphthalene is produced by distillation and fractionation of either petroleum or coal tar. Naphthalene’s principal use is as an intermediate in the production of phthalic anhydride. Phthalic anhydride is important in the manufacture of phthalate plasticizers, resins, dyes as well as insect and animal repellents. Naphthalene is also used in the manufacture of synthetic leather tanning agents and the insecticide carbaryl. Naphthalene has been used as a moth repellent and as a deodorizer for diaper pails and toilets (ATSDR, 1993; U.S. EPA, 1980, 1987).
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