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Dimethyl sulfate Quickview (CASRN 77-78-1)

Health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in IRIS only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data by U.S. EPA health scientists from several Program Offices, Regional Offices, and the Office of Research and Development.

Disclaimer: This QuickView represents a snapshot of key information. We suggest that you read the IRIS Summary to put this information into complete context.

For definitions of terms in the IRIS Web site, refer to the IRIS Glossary.

Status of Data for Dimethyl sulfate

File First On-Line: 09/07/1988; Last Significant Revision: 01/01/1992

Category (section)
Status
Last Revised
Oral RfD Assessment No data
Inhalation RfC Assessment Message 01/01/1992
Carcinogenicity Assessment On-line 02/01/1994
Synonyms
  • 77-78-1
  • Dimethyl monosulfate
  • Methyl sulfate
  • DMS
  • Dimethyl sulfate
Dimethyl sulfate Source Documents
Revision History
Date Section Description
04/01/1997 III., IV., V. Drinking Water Health Advisories, EPA Regulatory Actions, and Supplementary Data were removed from IRIS on or before April 1997. IRIS users were directed to the appropriate EPA Program Offices for this information.
Chronic Health Hazard Assessments for Noncarcinogenic Effects

Reference Dose for Chronic Oral Exposure (RfD)

Not Assessed under the IRIS Program.

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Reference Concentration for Chronic Inhalation Exposure (RfC)

Information reviewed but value not estimated. See IRIS Summary.

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Carcinogenicity Assessment for Lifetime Exposure
  • Weight-of-Evidence Characterization
    • B2 (Probable human carcinogen - based on sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity in animals)
  • Weight-of-Evidence Narrative:
    • Classification is based on induction of local carcinomas following inhalation and subcutaneous exposures in rats, tumor induction in rats following prenatal exposure, and evidence suggestive of carcinogenicity in hamsters and mice by inhalation. Dimethyl sulfate alkylates cellular macromolecules and is genotoxic.
    • This may be a synopsis of the full weight-of-evidence narrative. See IRIS Summary.

Quantitative Estimate of Carcinogenic Risk from Oral Exposure

  • Not Assessed under the IRIS Program.

Quantitative Estimate of Carcinogenic Risk from Inhalation Exposure

  • Not Assessed under the IRIS Program.

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