Jump to main content or area navigation.

Contact Us

Environmental Assessment

Wildlife Exposure Factors Handbook

Report Information

The Wildlife Exposure Factors Handbook provides data, references, and guidance for conducting exposure assessments for wildlife species exposed to toxic chemicals in their environment. drawing of wildlife It is the product of a joint effort by EPA's Office of Research and Development (ORD), Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response (OSWER), and Office of Water (OW).

The goals of this Handbook are (1) to promote the application of risk assessment methods to wildlife species, (2) to foster a consistent approach to wildlife exposure and risk assessments, and (3) to increase the accessibility of the literature applicable to these assessments.

Jump to Table of Contents document
Susan B. Norton
  • by phone at:   703-347-8549
  • by email at:  norton.susan@epa.gov


U.S. EPA. Wildlife Exposure Factors Handbook. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C., EPA/600/R-93/187.


Jump to main content.