Residues and Metabolites of Selected Persistent Halogenated Hydrocarbons in Blood Specimens from a General Population Survey
The National Center for Health Statistics collaborated with the National Human Monitoring Program of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in a four-year study to assess the exposure of the general population to selected pesticides through analysis of blood serum and urine specimens. Specimens were collected on a national probability half-sample of persons 12-74 years of age from 64 locations across the United States comprising the sample areas in the Second National Health and Examination Survey (NHANES II) and analyzed for selected organochlorine, carbamate, chlorophenoxy and organophosphorus pesticides. Medical, nutritional and pesticide usage data are also available for each sample person. Results of the blood serum analyses indicate that the general population is being exposed to some of these types of pesticides. For selected pesticide residues, the percent quantifiable positives and median serum levels by age group are presented for three regions of the United States. Since 1970, EPA has conducted a national probability sampling of human adipose tissue. Specimens obtained on a survey design representative of the general population were analyzed for selected organochlorine pesticides and toxic chemicals. Findings from the 1979 survey also indicate exposure of the general population to some of these chemicals.