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Environmental Assessment

Integrated Science Assessment (ISA) for Oxides of Nitrogen and Sulfur Ecological Criteria (Final Report)

Notice

[12/22] On December 22, 2008, an updated version of the ISA was posted to this site. In this updated version, the Executive Summary has been revised stylistically and graphics resolution has been adjusted in the ISA. No substantive changes have been made to the document. In addition, the Executive Summary and individual ISA and Annex chapters have been posted as separate files.

The Integrated Science Assessment for Oxides of Nitrogen and Sulfur - Ecological Criteria and the Annexes were announced in a December 12, 2008 Federal Register Notice.

Report Information

EPA has released the final report, Integrated Science Assessment (ISA) for Oxides of Nitrogen and Sulfur - Ecological Criteria. This final ISA document represents a concise synthesis and evaluation of the most policy-relevant science and will ultimately provide the scientific bases for EPA's decision on retaining or revising the current secondary standards for NO2 and SO2.

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Tara L. Greaver
  • by phone at:   919-541-2435
  • by email at:  greaver.tara@epa.gov

Background

Cover of the Integrated Science Assessment for Oxides of Nitrogen and Sulfur Final Report Oxides of nitrogen and oxides of sulfur are two of six principal (or criteria) pollutants for which EPA has established national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS). The Clean Air Act requires EPA to periodically review the scientific basis for these standards by preparing an Integrated Science Assessment (ISA), formerly called an Air Quality Criteria Document (AQCD). The previous AQCDs for oxides of nitrogen and sulfur were released in 1993 and 1982, respectively.

This ISA was prepared as part of the joint review of the secondary or welfare-based NAAQS for oxides of nitrogen and sulfur. The ISA evaluates and integrates the newly available environmental evidence, and contains the key information and judgments formerly found in the AQCD. A series of Annexes to the ISA provides more extensive and detailed summaries of the most pertinent scientific literature. This is EPA’s latest evaluation of the scientific literature on the potential adverse environmental effects resulting from exposures to oxides of nitrogen and sulfur. There are significant new data, particularly with regards to acidification and nitrogen enrichment, that strengthen the evidence for these effects since the last scientific review documents were released.

History/Chronology

1982EPA released the document Air Quality Criteria for Oxides of Nitrogen and the Air Quality Criteria for Particulate Matter and Sulfur Oxides.
Aug 1993EPA released the final document Air Quality Criteria for Oxides of Nitrogen.
Dec 2007EPA releases the Integrated Science Assessment (ISA) for Oxides of Nitrogen and Sulfur – Environmental Criteria (First External Review Draft) for an external peer review and public comment.
Aug 2008EPA releases the Second External Review Draft of the Integrated Science Assessment (ISA) for Oxides of Nitrogen and Sulfur – Environmental Criteria document for an external peer review and public comment.
Dec 2008EPA releases the final report of the Integrated Science Assessment (ISA) for Oxides of Nitrogen and Sulfur – Ecological Criteria document.

Citation

U.S. EPA. Integrated Science Assessment (ISA) for Oxides of Nitrogen and Sulfur Ecological Criteria (Final Report). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, EPA/600/R-08/082F, 2008.

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