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Environmental Assessment

IRIS Toxicological Review of Ethylene Glycol Mono-Butyl Ether (EGBE) (Interagency Science Discussion Draft)

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Report Information

EPA is releasing the draft report, Toxicological Review for Ethylene Glycol Mono-Butyl Ether , that was distributed to Federal agencies and White House Offices for comment during the Science Discussion step of the IRIS Assessment Development Process. Comments received from other Federal agencies and White House Offices are provided below with external peer review panel comments.

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Norman Birchfield
  • by phone at:   703-347-0174
  • by fax at:   703-347-8699
  • by email at:  birchfield.norman@epa.gov

Background

The draft Toxicological Review of EGBE provides scientific information on the effects pertaining to exposure to EGBE. EGBE was nominated for reassesement by OAQPS in response to a delisting petition filed by the ACC. Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether (also known as 2-butoxyethanol) is a colorless liquid with an ether-like odor. It is widely used as a solvent in various applications such as in surface coatings, spray lacquer, quick-dry lacquers, enamels, varnishes, varnish removers, latex paint, and metal cleaners and in commercially available cleaning products. The chemical is released to the environment primarily through the use of commercial and household cleaning products. EGBE is a high production volume chemical with an estimated 390 million pounds produced in the United States in 1992 (NTP, 2000). Human exposure to ethylene glycol monobutyl ether (EGBE) is predominantly occupational via inhalation and dermal contact. Individuals employed in the manufacture, processing, and handling of EGBE will have potentially higher exposures (ATSDR, 1998). The primary routes of EGBE exposure to the general population are inhalation of contaminated indoor air and dermal contact with household products containing EGBE. The assessment will present reference values for the noncancer effects of EGBE (RfD and RfC), where supported by available data, and a cancer assessment.

History/Chronology

Oct 1999EPA posted the first Toxicological Review for Ethylene Glycol mono-Butyl Ether (EGBE) on the IRIS database.
2002EGBE is nominated for reassessment by OAQPS in response to a delisting petition filed by the ACC.
Apr 2008EPA releases the reassessment of EGBE for public review and comment.
Sep 2008EPA announces the details for the external peer review meeting. [Federal Register Sep 25, 2008]
Oct 2008EPA announces a public listening session. [Federal Register Oct 1, 2008]
Oct 2009EPA released the comments from the first and second round of reviews in two consolidated reports.
Nov 2009EPA hosted an interagency science discussion on the review of the draft Toxicological Review of Ethylene Glycol Mono-Butyl Ether.
Mar 2010EPA releases the final report and the interagency review draft with comments.

Next Steps

Now that the interagency review draft has been completed and finalized, this assessment has been loaded into the IRIS Web site and Database.

Citation

U.S. EPA. IRIS Toxicological Review of Ethylene Glycol Mono-Butyl Ether (EGBE) (Interagency Science Discussion Draft). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, EPA/635/R-08/006D, 2010.

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