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Name of Article:
An Examination of Accidental-Release Scenarios from Chemical-Processing Sites: The Relation of Race to Distance 
Title of Book/Journal:
Social Science Quarterly 
Type:
Article 
English Translation:
 
Publication Date:
March 2002     
Author(s):
Pine, J.C.
 Editor(s):
 
Volume:
83 
Issue: 1
Pages: 317 - 331  
Corporate Author:
 
Publisher:
   
EPA Number:
 
Other Number:
   
Keyword(s):
AFRICAN AMERICANS
AIR POLLUTION-EMISSIONS
COMMUNITIES
HAZARDOUS WASTE-FACILITY SITING
Comments:
 
 
 
 
    
 
Annotation:
This study is intended to enhance the discussion of environmental equity by offering a methodology that is based on chemical-specific risk zones that reflect inventories of chemical facilities, risk dispersion modeling, local weather conditions, and the unique chemical processes of each site. The central question concerns whether the racial makeup of a community near a chemical-processing site is characteristic of the city, county, or community as a whole or whether the racial makeup of a community varies by distance from a chemical-processing facility. The authors found that as one moves further from a facility, the characteristics of the community reflect less and less the makeup near the site. In this study, the percentage of African-Americans living near a chemical-processing site tended to be much higher when compared to population characteristics further from the site. The authors conclude that distance does make a significant difference in the racial characteristics of the population from a chemical-processing site and that using data reflecting accidental-release scenarios, weather conditions, and the chemical process from the local community provides a more realistic basis for determining vulnerability zones.
 
 
       
 
 
 

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Last updated on Monday, December 2nd, 2002
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