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Name of Article:
Assessment of Personal and Community-Level Exposures to Particulate Matter Among Children with Asthma in Detroit, Michigan, as Part of Community Action Against Asthma (CAAA) 
Title of Book/Journal:
Environmental Health Perspectives 
Type:
Article 
English Translation:
 
Publication Date:
April 2002     
Author(s):
Keeler, G.J.
 Editor(s):
 
Volume:
110 
Issue: 2
Pages: 173 - 181  
Corporate Author:
 
Publisher:
   
EPA Number:
 
Other Number:
   
Keyword(s):
AIR POLLUTION
CHILDREN
COMMUNITY ACTION AGAINST ASTHMA (CAAA)
COMMUNITY DIRECTED RESEARCH
HEALTH-ASTHMA-CHILDREN
MICHIGAN-DETROIT
Comments:
 
 
 
 
    
 
Annotation:
The authors report on research conducted by the Community Action Against Asthma (CAAA) in Detroit, Michigan, to evaluate personal and community-level exposures to particulate matter (PM) among children with asthma living in an urban environment. CAAA is a community-based participatory research collaboration among academia, health agencies, and community-based organizations. CAAA investigates the effects of environmental exposures on the residents of Detroit through a participatory process that engages participants from affected communities in all aspects of the design and conduct of the research; disseminates the results to all parties involved; and uses the research results to design, in collaboration with all partners, interventions to reduce the identified environmental exposures. The CAAA PM exposure assessment includes four seasonal measurement campaigns each year that are conducted for a 2-week duration each season. In each seasonal measurement period, daily ambient measurements of particulate matter are collected at two elementary schools in the eastside and southwest communities of Detroit. Concurrently, indoor measurements of PM are made at the schools as well as inside the homes of a subset of 20 children with asthma. Daily personal exposure measurements are also collected for these 20 children with asthma. Results from the first five seasonal assessment periods reveal that mean personal and indoor home exposures are significantly greater than the outdoor particulate matter concentrations. In addition, significant differences in community-level exposure are observed between the southwest and eastside Detroit communities. The authors conclude that the increased levels in the southwest Detroit community are likely due to the proximity to heavy industrial pollutant point sources and interstate motorways. Trace element characterization of filter samples collected over the 2-year period will allow a more complete assessment of the PM components. Whe
 
 
       
 
 
 

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Last updated on Monday, December 2nd, 2002
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