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Name of Article:
Assessment of Environmental and Health Benefits from the Implementation of the United Nations-ECE Protocols on Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution 
Title of Book/Journal:
RISK '97. International Conference on Mapping Environmental Risks and Risk Comparison 
Type:
Article 
English Translation:
 
Publication Date:
October 1997     
Author(s):
Et al:
R. Friedrich
T. Heck
P. Mayerhofer
 Editor(s):
 
Volume:
61 
Issue: 1-3
Pages: 401    
Corporate Author:
 
Publisher:
   
EPA Number:
 
Other Number:
   
Keyword(s):
AIR POLLUTION
EUROPE
HEALTH
UNITED NATIONS
Comments:
 
 
 
 
    
 
Annotation:
Following a detailed bottom-up impact pathway approach, this article describes environmental and health benefits in Europe resulting from the reduction of sulfur dioxide and nitrous oxide emissions according to the current United Nations protocols are quantified. As far as possible, the physical impacts are transformed into monetary terms, thus allowing a direct comparison of batement costs and environmental benefits. Compared to 1990 emission levels, the reduction scenario results in avoided damage costs of about 100 billion euros per year. The analysis of geographical variation of benefits shows that benefits and emission reduction efforts are unevenly distributed across countries.
 
 
       
 
 
 

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