Skip common site navigation and headers
United States Environmental Protection Agency
Environmental Justice


EJBib - Publication Details

Site Navigation
EJBib Home
View Publications
Simple Search
Advanced Search
PDF Files
State Map Search
New Publications
About & Help
Glossary of Terms    Go back to the List of Publications

Name of Article:
An Ethics-based Climate Agreement for the South Pacific Region 
Title of Book/Journal:
International Environmental Agreements 
English Translation:
Publication Date:
September 2006, 2006     
Grasso, Marco
Issue: 3
Corporate Author:
EPA Number:
Other Number:
Economic Justice
environmental justice
The aim of this article is to describe a comprehensive regional climate agreement for the South Pacific region. This agreement would integrate the usual view of climate negotiations among the developed countries as the sharing of mitigation costs, with that of the Pacific Islands, which focuses on the disproportion between responsibility for, and the efforts of, adaptation to burdens imposed by climate impacts. The agreement, moreover, is grounded on sound principles of justice and criteria of equity which give greater legitimacy to it and can persuade parties with conflicting interests to cooperate more closely on collective actions. On the mitigation side, discussion of the initial allocation of endowments focuses on the criterion of differentiated equality, taking account of undeserved inequalities as suggested by Rawls' theory of justice as fairness. Endowments are initially distributed according to a formula whose reference is equal per capita distribution corrected for the most striking unjustifiable inequalities. Possibly a sound benchmark for the just financing of adaptation activities is the criterion of differentiated historical responsibility, again backed by Rawls's theory, while the allocation of adaptation resources can be based on the criterion of lack of functionings, as substantiated in Sen's capability approach. In practical terms, it is possible to envision the creation of an adaptation fund where each single contribution is proportional to cumulative emissions net of undeserved inequalities, and which allows participation by poorer vulnerable countries proportionally to their levels of human development.

Return to top


Planning & Results | Compliance Assistance | Compliance Incentives & Auditing | Compliance Monitoring
Civil Enforcement | Cleanup Enforcement | Criminal Enforcement | Environmental Justice | NEPA
Begin Site Footer

EPA Home | Privacy and Security Notice | Contact Us

Last updated on Monday, December 2nd, 2002