Evaluation, Measurement, and Verification : Evaluation, measurement, and verification (EM&V) is the process of using measurements to reliably document the effects of a program and determine whether it met its goals. EM&V also helps policymakers understand why those effects occurred and identify ways to improve existing programs and select future ones.
Potential Studies : Potential studies of a state or region inform the comparison of energy efficiency with supply-side options, and serve as the analytic basis for integrating efficiency into resource planning, establishing funding requirements, and developing long-term energy saving goals. These studies also give information on the technologies, practices, and sectors with the greatest or most cost-effective opportunities for achieving that potential. Potential studies can provide utilities with the justification to initiate or expand energy efficiency programs and can be used by legislators and regulators to inform energy efficiency policy and programs.
Cost Effectiveness : Cost-effectiveness (also called cost-benefit) evaluations compare the quantified costs and benefits of an energy efficiency program or portfolio. The results of these evaluations help program managers determine whether the program is a cost-effective investment compared to other programs or energy supply resources.
Program Design and Implementation : Program administrators can work towards sound program design and implementation by leveraging the knowledge and experience gained from demonstrated program models. Resources and publications created by federal agencies and other organizations present best practices and lessons learned from previous successes and failures.
Rate Design : Retail electric and natural gas utility rate structures influence customer consumption, and thus are an important tool for encouraging the adoption of energy-efficient technologies and practices.
Resource Planning : Resource planning analyzes how to meet demand for energy using supply-side resource procurement, transmission, distribution, and demand-side resources. Including energy efficiency in the resource planning process can help establish the rationale for energy efficiency funding levels.
Aligning Utility Incentives for Energy Efficiency : Utility spending on energy efficiency programs can affect the utility’s financial position in three ways: (1) through recovery of the direct costs of the programs; (2) through the impact on utility earnings of reduced sales; and (3) through the effects on shareholder value of energy efficiency spending versus investment in supply-side resources. These three elements are key to aligning utility incentives for energy efficiency.
Codes and Standards : Codes and standards establish a minimum energy efficiency performance for buildings or appliances or require that providers meet a portion of electricity demand through energy efficiency.
Organizations : Organizations whose focus, mission, or area of expertise is related to energy efficiency include state and federal government agencies and programs, non-profit organizations, and industry trade organizations.
Funding and Incentives : State and federal policies can promote energy efficiency by offering funding or incentives for programs or projects that conserve energy.
Climate Registry/Emissions Trading : A climate registry involves the reporting, whether voluntary or mandatory, of greenhouse gas emissions to a governmental body or other entity. A cap and trade program sets a cap on emissions and requires sources to reduce their emissions or purchase emissions reductions made by another source. Emissions trading refers to the purchase and sale of credits earned by reducing emissions.
Legislation/Statutes : Legislation can include laws at the state or federal level that promote or require energy efficiency improvements. Applicable bills and laws can relate to lead by example policies, energy efficiency portfolio standards, public benefits funds, building energy codes, and a variety of other policies.
Regulation/Regulatory Proceeding : Regulation and regulatory proceedings include the rulemaking processes of state utility commissions, public service boards, and other agencies as they relate to energy efficiency. Also included are utility filings related to energy efficiency, conservation, and demand reduction plans.
Electric Market Fundamentals : Electric market fundamentals provide background and reference information on the structure and regulation of electricity markets.
Energy Statistics : Energy statistics include information about electricity and natural gas prices, supply, consumption, sources, and other data in various sectors and geographic areas.
Emerging Technologies : Emerging technologies can be applicable to energy efficiency either in the production or end use of energy or electricity. Emerging technologies can be pre-commercial, or they can be available in the market but represent only a small percentage of market share.
Analyzing Economic and Financial Impacts : Resources to help states assess the economic and financial impacts of implementing clean energy and climate change policies.
Analyzing Energy Efficiency Actions : Resources to help states estimate potential energy reductions, monitor and evaluate energy reductions, and calculate the benefits of efficiency.
Analyzing Public Health Impacts : Tools to help states quantify the public health benefits of clean energy policies.
Analyzing Renewable Energy Actions : Resources to help states estimate potential energy reductions, monitor and evaluate projects, and calculate the benefits of renewables.
Analyzing Waste Management Actions : Tools to help states assess emissions and reductions related to waste management.
Calculating Emissions Reductions : Resources to help states quantify emissions reductions from clean energy policies.
Developing Energy Efficiency Policy : Resources to help states assess, develop, and implement energy efficiency policies.
Developing Renewable Energy Policy : Resources to help states assess, develop, and implement renewable energy policies.
Supporting Effective Communication : Tools to help states convert emissions reductions into meaningful terms for outreach purposes.
Supporting Heat Island Mitigation : Resources to help states mitigate the Heat Island Effect to improve human health, reduce energy use, and improve air quality. The Heat Island Effect refers to elevated temperatures in urban and suburban environments compared to nearby rural environments.